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Small sea turtle hatchling on the beach.

Sea Turtle Conservation

About Sea Turtles

All sea turtles are either threatened or endangered. They are protected under federal, state and local laws. The following threaten the sea turtle population:

  • Artificial lighting and urban sky glow
  • Boating traffic
  • Pollution
  • Plastic ingestion
  • Entanglement with fishing gear
  • Coastal development and loss of nesting habitat

Miami-Dade County’s most common nesting sea turtle is the loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and Florida serves as one of the largest nesting aggregations for loggerhead sea turtles in the world. Miami-Dade County beaches are also important nesting habitat for the green (Chelonia mydas), and leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) sea turtles. Both inshore and offshore waters offer developmental habitat for all of our nesting sea turtles and often other species such as the Kemp’s Ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) and Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imricata) sea turtles can also be found forging in nearby waters.

Nesting Season

About 600 nests are laid on Miami-Dade County beaches every year.

Sea turtle nesting season in Miami-Dade County runs May 1 to Oct. 31 each year. However, nesting can occur before or after these dates. Monitoring times can also change with permitting requirements for approved beach projects. STCP staff work under a Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) issued Marine Turtle Permit to survey the majority of County beaches, including seven municipalities and two County parks. STCP authorized personnel work under the FWC nesting survey permit (#MTP-017), and it is issued to the STCP manager.

During nesting season, surveys are conducted daily to monitor, record and study all sea turtle nesting activity. If a crawl is determined to have resulted in a nest, staff mark off the area with stakes, neon tape and a nest sign to protect the nest during incubation.

Each nest will have approximately 100 hatchlings that will emerge and make their way to the ocean.  Once in the water, it is thought that only one out of a thousand hatchlings will actually survive to adulthood, making conservation efforts incredibly important for the species.

Reporting a Dead or Injured Sea Turtle on the Beach

Sea Turtles are protected by the US Endangered Species Act of 1973 and Florida Statute Chapter 370. It is illegal to harm or harass sea turtles, their nests or hatchlings.

The Miami Dade County Sea Turtle Program (MDCSTCP) responds to reports of dead or injured sea turtles throughout all of Miami Dade County. Data such as species, size, and condition of turtle, are recorded on a standardized data sheet that is submitted to the Sea Turtle Stranding and Salvage Network, which in Florida, is coordinated by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.

Collecting data on these stranding sea turtles, even those which are deceased is vital in helping to understand this species as they spend most of their lives at sea and this can make studying them difficult.  All strandings need to be responded to ASAP and the information is reported to the state within 48 hours of the stranding.

If you find a dead, sick, or injured sea turtle or hatchling(s), you can contact:

You can also call FWC’s 24-hour Wildlife Alert Number at 1-888-404-3922 if we cannot be reached.

Please be prepared to answer the following questions:

  1. What is the exact location of the animal?
  2. Is the turtle alive or dead?
  3. What is the approximate size of the turtle?
  4. Is the turtle marked with spray paint?
  5. What is the location of the closest access point to the turtle?

*During your phone call, you may receive further instructions from MDCSTCP staff on what to do depending on the status of the sea turtle.